In a place like Europe, where the history is as rich as it is diverse, it goes without saying that museums, galleries, and exhibitions are in no short supply, pretty much no matter where on the continent you travel.
Museums in Prague are no different. A few museums in should be on your Prague itinerary. If you’re a museum junkie with a penchant for learning, and you happen to be passing through the Czech Republic, be sure to make a little detour through the capital city if you hadn’t planned to do so already.
There are dozens of museums in Prague, ranging from somber historical museums to art history museums to for-the-fun-of-it amusement museums (I bet you never thought you’d be able to visit a place that educates on the history of chamber pots and toilets).
We’ve compiled our eleven favorite museums in Prague, featuring everything from regional history to X-Rated toys.
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1. National Museum
People often forget about museums that do not cater exclusively to telling the stories of social history, but they deserve just as much attention. The National Museum, located right in the heart of Prague at the head of Wenceslas Square, offers both.
The natural history wing offers many of the types of exhibits you’d want to see when visiting a natural history museum: paleontology, botany, mineralogy, zoology, and anthropology. If you’re traveling with kids, there’s also currently a Noah’s Ark exhibit perfect for getting young ones excited about the day trip.
The history branch of the museum is arguably much larger and is split into multiple sections about history as it relates to this particular corner of the world: prehistory, Czech history, numismatics (a historical coin collection), the history of theatre, and an archives section.
Plus, aside from the excellent diversity of content, the interior of the museum is beautiful and stately, making it worth a visit regardless of what you’d like to see.
- Address: Vinohradská 1, 110 00 Nové Město, Czechia
- Admission: 120 CZK
2. Prague Beer Museum
Eastern Europe is famous for many things, and beer is pretty high on that list. So it should come as a surprise to no one that this particular country, famous for its beer, has a museum in Prague entirely dedicated to appreciating this ancient craft. There are over 600 bars in Prague. Make sure to check out our ultimate guide to Prague’s nightlife scene.
A walk through the Prague Beer Museum is divided into three main parts, each one better than the last. First, you’ll get the background and history of beer brewing, all the way from the beginning when monks brewed beer in monasteries, and learn how brewing came to be a quintessential part of Czech culture up until World War II.
Secondly, you’ll be walked through a beer experience tour and shown some of the secrets behind classic beer brewing, including how malt and beer are made. And no beer tour is complete without a beer tasting, which you’ll get to experience in 13th-century beer cellars.
And the final touch: you get to make and bottle your own beer with a custom label designed by you.
- Address: Husova 7, 110 00 Prague 1
- Admission: 280,- CZK or Book online for $19 includes a customized beer bottle
Before or after the Beer Museum in Prague, make sure to check out some of the best beer gardens in Prague.
3. Sex Machines Museum
Of all the museums in Prague, this one might be the most unique. It’s pretty much what it sounds like: a museum for sex devices (the only one in the world, in fact, that’s exclusively dedicated to this particular subject). Some call it one of Prague’s hidden gems, but I think we can stick to UNIQUE.
This unique museum is only for those 18 and over. With three floors and over 200 gadgets (some with dolls to give a better understanding of usage), you will definitely not be bored here. Some of the devices even date back as far as the 16th century, proving that creative means of pleasure are not a recent undertaking.
While it was criticized by city officials shortly after its opening for the controversial content, this only served to make it more popular among tourists. After all, not many people can say they’ve visited a sex museum before.
So whether you’re seriously interested in learning about creative intercourse or you just want the bragging rights of saying you went, we guarantee you’ll be entertained.
- Address: Melantrichova 476/18, 110 00 Staré Město, Czechia
- Admission: 250 CZK
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4. Apple Museum
No, not the fruit. Instead, this museum is dedicated to the legendary Steve Jobs and the company he built from the ground up, which today is one of the Western world’s most behemoth enterprises: Apple Inc.
As far as unique museums in Prague go, this is definitely on that list. With exhibits showcasing every device from Apple’s humble beginnings all the way up to the models released as late as 2012.
The Apple Museum seeks to explore not only the mechanics of the technology and how it evolved over time but the genius behind it all. As such, the exhibits also focus on Steve Jobs for all that he was: an inventor, influencer, creator, trendsetter, and complex human being.
The Apple Museum also offers interactive activities when you connect your iPhone to the museum wifi for that added touch of feeling like you’re part of the exhibit. True to Jobs’ interest in clean eating, veganism, and fruitarianism, there’s a juice bar for you to grab something refreshing on your way out the door.
- Address: Husova 21, 110 00 Staré Město, Czechia
- Admission: 9 Euros
5. Prague Jewish Museum
The Jewish Museum in Prague, as the name suggests, pays homage to the history and struggles of the Jewish people from across history. It was founded in the early 1900s as a means of preserving important Jewish artifacts during a time when Prague synagogues were being demolished.
During the war, it became a housing ground for valuable works of art that even Nazi occupiers agreed were valuable but fell into the state’s ownership after the coup d’état by Communists only three years after the end of the war.
Today, it is one of the most visited museums in Prague, and for a good reason. Its collection of Judaica (Jewish ceremonial art) is among the largest in the world. The museum stores its artifacts in multiple buildings that visitors can visit, including the Maisel, Pinkas, Spanish, and Klausen synagogues, the Jewish cemetery, and the Ceremonial Hall of the Prague Jewish Burial Society.
For any history buff interested in paying respects to a simultaneously proud and saddening history, a visit to the different parts of the Jewish Museum is an absolute must. Make sure to spend a few hours exploring Prague’s Jewish Quarter.
- Address: U Staré školy 141/1, 110 00 Staré Město, Czechia
- Admission: 350 CZK
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6. Franz Kafka Museum
Literary buffs, particularly those who have read his most famous work, The Metamorphosis, probably have already heard of Franz Kafka and will be eager to pay a visit to the Franz Kafka Museum. Born in Prague, Kafka is a national symbol for Czechia and an important figure in the 20th-century art world.
The museum contains an impressive collection of the famed author’s works, from original manuscripts to the first edition printed novels, as well as letters, original drawings, and diaries. If you like something with a little more “wow-factor,” there are also 3D installations, audiovisual displays, and custom music to carry you through the exhibit.
While you’re milling around the museum grounds, you’ll want to make sure you stop by the Piss statue, a public art installation that’s cheeky and amusing but slightly controversial, in which two statues of men are urinating into a pool of water beneath them. Bring your phone because you can use SMS to command the figure to write messages into the water.
- Address: Cihelná 635/2b, 118 00 Malá Strana, Czechia
- Admission: 200 CZK
7. Museum of Communism
Life in Prague did not immediately settle into normalcy after the end of the Second World War. Instead, a mere three years after 1945, a Communist regime began. The Communist Museum is dedicated to recounting this time in Eastern Europe’s history, as well as offering an in-depth look into what life was like behind the Iron Curtain that divided the North-Eastern Hemisphere for more than forty years.
While the museum houses the usual items such as physical artifacts, photographs, art, and archival documents from this era, it sets the scene for a more interactive insight into the harsher realities of life under this regime. There are scenes that show fear, propaganda, and poverty: a classroom representing the youth movement, a near-empty grocery store, and a secret police interrogation room, along with other storyboard portrayals.
- Address: V Celnici 1031/4, 118 00 Nové Město, Czechia
- Admission: 290 CZK or Book Online here $72 includes Private Prague City Tour
8. Prague Public Transport Museum
Tramways and cable cars are images that are somewhat synonymous with European cities. So for anyone into vintage cars, this is the museum for you. Opened in 1993 by the Prague Public Transport Society, it houses over three dozen historical vehicles. There are also miniatures, models, photographs, and historical documents such as vintage ticket stubs.
The museum is, fittingly, located in an old tram depot (incidentally, the location has also been declared a landmark of local history). All this to say, it’s a pretty good spot for some unique photos, whether you came for the cars or the wooden vaulted ceilings.
If you happen to be in Prague over the summer, you can swing by this museum on a Saturday, a Sunday, or any bank holiday, as the museum is run by volunteers. It’s one of the cheapest museums in Prague and worth the story. Entry is inexpensive, only 50kc, and the 41 tram stops right outside, so once you hop off, you can jump right into the exhibits.
- Address: Patočkova 4, 162 00 Praha 6, Czechia
- Admission: 50 CZK
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9. Strahov Library
Book lovers, unite. If you remember the library the Beast gave to Belle in Beauty and the Beast, then you will definitely want to mark this stopover on your travel itinerary. Even if you’re not there for the books, the interiors are equally as jaw-dropping. Frescoed, vaulted ceilings, rich dark wooden shelving, and of course, thousands of historical books and manuscripts.
The library is available for tours, as long as you have a guidebook showing in advance. Located inside the Strahov Monastery, there is, of course, much more to see, and the beauty of the library interiors is mirrored in many other rooms: the Theological Hall, the Basilica of the Assumption of Our Lady, and the Philosophical Hall, to name a few. So even if history isn’t your thing, you can’t help but be astounded by the craftsmanship of the decor.
- Address: Strahovské nádvoří 132/1, 118 00 Praha 1-Hradčany-Praha 1, Czechia
- Admission: 120 CZK
10. City of Prague Museum
Though many museums in Prague present sweeping accounts of large periods of history, the Prague City Museum gets a little more granular with its exhibits. Because of this attention to detail, the individual exhibits are specific and fascinating, and many are on permanent display.
There are general history lessons, like prehistoric, medieval, and middle ages Prague, for anyone interested in learning more about social and urban development throughout the city’s history.
There are also more niche exhibits like the Prague of Charles IV, which includes models of St Vitus’ Cathedral and Prague Castle, and even a section on rafting and boat expeditions on the Vltava River.
However, its most famous (and arguably its most amazing) exhibit is undoubtedly the Langweil Model of Prague. Dating back to the 1830s, it was begun by Antonin Langweil and presents a miniature recreation of what Prague would have looked like at that time, made entirely out of paper.
Due to his early death, the model is unfinished but was largely complete and even today is an incredibly detailed and aesthetically-pleasing view of the famed city.
There are guided tours available for anyone who wants to be able to get a little more out of their visit, and for anyone traveling with children in tow, the museum offers a range of programs for the whole family to enjoy.
- Address: Na Poříčí 52/1554, 180 00 Nové Město, Czechia
- Admission: 280 CZK
11. Museum of Medieval Torture
This one definitely falls into a bit more of the “morbid museums in Prague” category, but much like the public obsession with the Tower of London, it’s one of those topics that we can’t help but find fascinating.
Located underground in the ancient cellars beneath Celetná Street, the Museum of Medieval Torture is probably not for the faint of heart. The dungeon-like space is filled with dozens of torture device replicas, presented with wax figurines set into them to evoke a sense of grisly realism.
This unsettling but delightfully fascinating setting is enhanced with audio-visual effects to really make you feel like you’ve traveled back to a time where such treatments were commonplace, like a witch screaming whilst being burnt at the stake or an executioner just about to lower his sword over the neck of a victim.
It’s a relatively short exhibit, so if you’re looking for a way to kill a few hours (no pun intended), then this could be the perfect stop-over. Either way, with the macabre subject matter, you definitely won’t be disappointed.
- Address: Celetná 558/12, 110 00 Praha 1-Staré Město-Staré Město, Czechia
- Admission: 160 CZK or Book online for $9 USD
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Have you been to a few Prague museums? What was your favorite museum in Prague? If we forgot to list it let us know below in the comments so we can add it to our article and add it to our list of things to do in Prague on our next trip.
Prague is one of those cities we keep going back to, so we know we’ll be visiting again in the near future.